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Collections

The Municipal Museum of Česká Třebová was founded in 1888 as an institution with the objective of documenting the history of Česká Třebová, and this is still a primary objective.

The museum currently administers two sub-collections: a historical sub-collection and a sub-collection of books. There are 30,000 items in the collections in total.

The historical sub-collection has a number of sub-categories:

1. Archeology, Paleontology, Geology

While only a few modest findings from Česká Třebová and its immediate surroundings are collected under the archeology category, the paleontology category contains a rare finding of the Tertiary period Proboscidean, Deinotherium cuvieri, and a comprehensive collection of fossils from the Mesozoic era and the Tertiary period gathered by doc. RNDr. Ilja Pek, CSc.

2. Agriculture and Crafts

The collection has valuable antiquities documenting the life of the Česká Třebová guilds, especially weavers, potters, and gingerbread bakers, but also butchers, stove fitters, and others. It also includes a set of articles documenting handmade textile production (spinning wheels, etc.).

3. Textiles, Clothing

The museum’s founder, Jan Tykač, started to build this collection. Thanks to his interest in ethnography, there is a set of Moravian folk embroidery and local clothing from the 19th century. The collection was successfully extended with recent acquisitions of clothes from the 1940s to the 1970s.

4. Transport

The collection contains a small number of objects documenting in particular the development of rail transport and the history of Česká Třebová as an important railway junction. New acquisitions include Velorex three-wheelers originally produced in Parník (a municipality that is now part of Česká Třebová).

5. The History of Esperanto

The collection contains a small number of objects documenting the history of the Esperanto movement in the Czech Republic.

6. Furniture and Equipment

There are a few pieces of furniture from Česká Třebová and neighbouring municipalities. They are mostly inlaid folk furniture from the early 19th century.

7. Household Equipment

This large collection includes items documenting household equipment from the later 19th century to the present.

8. Clocks, Optics, Lights

The clockworks are the most numerously represented items in this group. The oldest piece is a sundial from 1800. The antiques include a bourgeois Empire style mantel clock and a folk clockwork with a wooden gear mechanism with painted faces.

9. Militaria

The collection includes cold steel and firearms from the 17th through the 19th century, remainders of the first world war, and parts of uniforms.

10. Games and Toys

This is a small but nevertheless interesting collection, which includes folk children’s toys dating back to the 19th century.

11. Art

The collection consists of several sets. The first set is of sculptures, including particularly the extensive inheritance of works by the local sculptor František Formánek. The collection of paintings and graphics is large. The core of the collection are works that came to the museum in the collection confiscated from the Česká Třebová merchant Joseph Gzíla. The folk art collection includes paintings on glass and painted cribs of local provenance.

12. Religion

A small but interesting group of religious objects (sculptures, furniture, etc.), originating for example from the local Rotunda of St. Catherine.

13. Photos

The group includes over 8,500 photographs documenting the transformation of the town from the late 19th century to the present.

The second sub-collection is the collection of books

This includes incunabula (the museum has one book published before 1500), as well as about 300 prints published before 1800, and manuscripts, particularly hymn books and liturgical books; the regional literature section contains approximately 2000 books with ties to the town in terms of their author, theme, or place of publication; railway literature involves several hundred titles dealing with the history of rail transport; and the Esperanto library contains 5,500 titles in Esperanto, including the oldest publications of this kind from the end of the 19th century.

The Municipal Museum of Česká Třebová